Rise of Islam

By Dr. Rafat Amari

THE EARLIER FOLLOWERS OF MOHAMMED AT MECCA

 

 

Analysis of the Group who Followed Mohammed Before his Accord With the Tribes of Oas and Khazraj

 Mohammed failed to convince the citizens of Mecca that he was a prophet.  At the time, his followers totaled about eighty people, many of them outlaws and criminals who raped people in passing caravans. Al-Bukhari, the authoritative book which contains Mohammed's sayings and biography, mentions Abu Basir, an outlaw criminal and gang leader.  Abu Basir became Muslim and camped outside Mecca, ambushing caravans of Mecca each day to steal from them. We read in al- Bukhari, that:

Abu Jandal, a man who became Muslim, joined Abu Basir, and forced every man who embraced Islam to join Abu Basir, till they became a gang. Every time they heard of a caravan coming out of Mecca bound for Damascus they ambushed it and killed the people of the caravan, taking their money.[i][1]

Most of the early followers of Mohammed were from a group called Saalik. They envied the people of Mecca because those people became rich from their commerce with Syria, Palestine, Iraq and Yemen. The Saalik were lazy, not willing to work but willing to enjoy the riches of others. They were known for their raids on others for spoil. Among their leaders was Urwah Bin Zayd al-Uzedi who was also Arraf عراف ,  that is a diviner, or soothsayer, for the Jinn-devils.[ii][2] The Saalik being led by a soothsayer reveals that they were part of an occult sect. This may explain one of the reasons why they followed Mohammed, as Mohammed also announced that he was a prophet to the humans and Jinn–devils[iii][3]  and considered the so called Muslim Jinn-devils as brothers. He claimed that the Jinn-devils became Muslims, and he called them “ your brothers, the Jinn.”[iv][4]

The Saalik also believed in free sex. That's why they attacked houses in Mecca and raped the women there. The Saalik followed Mohammed, viewing Islam as an excuse to steal from the caravans. They discovered the doctrine of Mohammed which said that followers were limited to four wives each, but they could enjoy whatever number of concubines they could gain; they considered war an appropriate means to reach their goals.

These facts concerning the followers of Mohammed at Mecca are clearly seen in the Islamic authoritative books which narrate the life of Mohammed. For example, we read in the book of al-Bukhari that Mohammed  emigrated to al-Medina and was supported by the two tribes of al-Medina. When he wanted to enter Mecca with his followers on a pilgrimage, the inhabitants of Mecca sent Urwa Bin Masud, a respected leader, to negotiate with Mohammed. As Urwa learned about the followers of Mohammed, who were from the city of Mecca, he recognized dangerous criminals among them. One was al-Magirah, whom Urwa rebuked for his perfidy and treachery. Al-Magirah had crafted friendships with some people in Mecca, killed them, and took their money. Then he joined Mohammed as a Muslim in order to flee from justice.[v][5] 

 One of the Arabian leaders told Mohammed, “those who followed you are the thieves who steal the pilgrims.”[vi][6] Those thiefs followed Mohammed without having repented from their crimes. On the contrary, in following Mohammed they found a false “legalization” of committing major crimes, and of spoiling the possessions of others (and their females) under the excuse of religion.

When Mohammed Failed to Spread his Religion Through convincing People,  he Changed Strategy, Offering a Filthy  Bargain 

When Mohammed saw that only groups like Saaliks would follow him, he changed strategy by trying to make a concession to the Arabian tribes. He visited their cities and settlements with a strange offer. The tribes had to believe that Mohammed was the prophet of Allah, and they had to be committed to fight with Mohammed and his group to impose Islam over every Arabian tribe. In return, Mohammed would guarantee that the children of the tribes they conquered would become their slaves, and that the women and daughters of the conquered tribes would be at their disposal. Also, money and possessions would go to the victors.

It is interesting that the Arabian tribes refused Mohammed's offer. They considered it to be shameful to wage wars against other tribes in order to take their wives as concubines and their children as slaves. Among the tribes which Mohammed visited was a tribe called Baker Bin Wael. Mohammed's message to them was reported by the biographers of his time. One biographer wrote:

You exalt Allah over you until you occupy their houses, enjoy their wives and make their children your slaves. The only condition is that you bless Allah thirty times and laude him thirty - three times and say “Allah is great” thirty - three times."[vii][7]

The core of Mohammed's offer was that the victors would take the women and houses and make the children their slaves. Mohammed did not announce a doctrine to follow, but presented a despicable bargain wrapped in religious words. Thankfully, Mohammed's offer was refused by the Baker tribe.

The Moment in Which the Devils Showed up to Back Mohammed

The story is told that one day Mohammed went to the tribe of Thaqif in the city of Taif to present the same offer he had presented to the Bakers. When the Thaqifs refused to hear him, Mohammed returned to Mecca, discouraged by this  refusal. On his way back to Mecca, he sat under a tree in the desert. His biographers say the Jinn came down in the tree which, in turn, informed Mohammed of the presence of the Jinn. Mohammed recited verses from the Qur'an to the devils, and the devils said,  “this is the Qur’an that we could not hear because we were struck with stars in order that we could not hear it.” They soon believed Mohammed and embraced Islam.[viii][8]

  The Jinn were also called devils in the Arabian language at the time of Mohammed. Al-Jaheth, an ancient Arabian writer, told about the beliefs of the Arabians at the time of Mohammed. He said they described devils and they called them “Jinn-devils,” “devils,” or just “Jinn.”[ix][9] Jarir, a famous Arabian poet,  says in one of his poems that he has a devil who makes incantations, and this devil was of the Jinn.[x][10]  Al-Tabari expresses the same thought that Satan was one of the Jinn, and chief of them.[xi][11]

 The Qur‘an also treats the Jinn as devils.  In Surah18, called al-Kahef, verse 50, the Qur'an says that Satan was one of  the Jinn. In the books that narrate the life of Mohammed, Satan is described as  “the father of the Jinn”[xii][12].  We can only conclude that if Satan is chief of the Jinn, it's clear that the Jinn are, indeed, devils.

And why, if Allah intended to make Muslims of the devils, would he strike their heads with stars or meteorites while they were spying and listening to the Qur'an as Gabriel was descending through the “ceiling of heaven”? Allah should have been happy for them to hear the Qur'an while they were up on the ceiling of heaven. They could have become Muslims there. Striking them on their heads with meteorites makes no sense.

Was not Mohammed known to the devils every day while he was reciting verses of the Qur'an at Mecca? If the kingdom of the devil is united, and devils watch everything happening on earth and report it to Satan, why wouldn‘t the Jinn-devils learn about Mohammed before that day when he sat under the tree, discouraged and disappointed because the Thaqif tribe rejected him? Doesn't this incident teach us the that devils were acquainted with Mohammed's message from the beginning?   Wouldn't they want to keep him from getting discouraged, and wouldn't they choose this critical moment to encourage and support him?

 The Jinn-devils immediately began authoring a chapter in the Qur'an equal in language to the rest of the Qur’an, attacking the Sonship of Christ and boasting to be righteous. Finally, the Qur'an would have us believe that the Jinn, immediately after hearing the Qur'an, became authors of one of its chapters. Jinn are transformed in just one moment to be authoritative authors like Allah. The chapter of Jinn is the chapter of devils. In it they attack Jesus Christ as the Son of God.  They represent the inspiration and authority of the Qur‘an, establishing doctrine. In the Surah attacking the Sonship of Christ, they claim some of the devils are righteous.

To justify the absence of miracles in his claims, Mohammed said the Arabic language of the Qur'an was a sign of his prophetic role.  Mohammed claimed the Qur'an was given to him in a high Arabic grammatical form which even the Jinn couldn't imitate. However, the style of the devils' chapter is the same Arabic style as the rest of the Qur'an.

People are deceived because they do not read the Bible, where they can learn about the tricks of the devil.

According to the Bible, the Devil is a liar and never will be righteous. He was removed from the presence of God forever. Remember, also, that the Devil can appear to be religious in order to deceive people without true Biblical knowledge, but he will never be a creature who loves God or is transformed into something righteous, as the devils claimed in the Qur'an’s chapter of the Jinn. In the Book of the Revelation, the Bible warns about the  “depths of the devil,” through which he tries to deceive people who do not study the Bible. Only the Bible, the true Word of God, exposes the ways of Satan and provides those who study it with the means to deal with the tricks of the Devil. The more we study the claims of Islam, the more we see how gullible the followers are expected to be.

The Reputation of Mohammed was Bound With the bad Reputation of the Group who Followed him at Mecca

The relationship of Mohammed with the group who followed him, which was known in making raids and pirating the caravans, and raping the women and girls at Mecca, bound the reputation of Mohammed to the reputation of this group.

 Al-Halabi, a biographer of Mohammed, reports on the reaction of the Arabian tribes toward Mohammed's offer to them to embrace Islam. If they would do this, Mohammed guaranteed to give them the children of the Arabian tribes they conquered as slaves and their wives and daughters as concubines. Al-Halabi wrote:

No one has accepted him among those tribes, and they said, “The people of the man know better about him. Do you think a man can be fitting to us, after he corrupted his people?”[xiii][13]

In other words, the rejection of Mohammed by the Arabian tribes was based on the principle that Mohammed claimed to be a religious reformer, yet he abused and corrupted his people. I personally believe their view was based on the fact that Mohammed was allied with a certain group at Mecca, which was known for their beliefs on sexual dominance and their willingness to take the riches of others. Many of them, when they embraced Islam, began to attack the caravans on the route from Mecca toward Syria.

 

THE FILTHY BARGAIN

The Nature of the two Tribes Which Accepted the Offer of Mohammed

One day a group of  two savage tribes from the city of Medina, the Oas and the Khazraj, came to the area of Mecca. The names in Arabia reflect the character and costumes of the one who is called with such name. Oas, according to the biographers of Mohammed, means “wolf” or “coltish,” “gamesome” and “people of frivolity.”[xiv][14] These terms reflect the true nature of these two tribes which inhabited Medina. Treason and treachery, which characterize the wolf, was applied to these tribes. Their members were known for their lives of frivolity and violence. They were known for being lazy, not willing to work, and living from freeloading off others. On the other hand, Beni Kharithah and Beni Nathir were two Jewish tribes who also lived in the city. They were known to cultivate the land and plant trees – mainly dates. They built commerce between Syria and Arabia. On the contrary, while Oas and Khazraj had no agricultural or commercial activity, instead they lived as interlopers sponging off the riches of others.

Although Mohammed's offer was refused by other Arabian tribes, it was viewed by Oas and Khazraj, the two tribes who met with Mohammed at Mecca, as an easy booty and spoil opportunity. Mohammed's offer was a perfect match for their background and behavior, because they were known for their frivolity and thievery. They saw the offer as a way to spoil the riches of the Jews in Medina. What actually happened was that within a brief time, Mohammed was received by the two tribes and emigrated to the al-Medina. Once in power there, Mohammed drove the Jewish tribe of Beni Nather from the city. He besieged their settlements, took their houses and prohibited food from reaching them. The lack of food made them to yield to him. So Mohammed took their houses, furniture, fields, all their gold, money, and weapons. Once deported from the city, the Jewish tribe of Beni Nather went to Syria.

Later, Mohammed besieged the second Jewish tribe, Beni Kharithah, and prohibited food and water from reaching them until they were compelled to yield to his judgment. Mohammed claimed the judgment of Allah was on them. All the males over ten years of age were killed, and the males under ten became slaves. The houses, and the females of the tribe, were divided and given to Mohammed‘s followers, Oas and Khazraj, and to the Muslims who followed him from Mecca. When it came to killing the males over ten years of age, Mohammed ordered trenches to be dug. The males were fettered and brought in groups to the trenches, where they were beheaded and buried. He then divided the females and gave them as concubines to the members of the two tribes, Oas and Khazraj, and to his followers who emigrated to Medina with him. As Mohammed promised, the children became slaves, and the money and houses were divided among his followers. Older women with small children were sold as slaves in Damascus. As was his custom, Mohammed took one-fifth of everything for himself – that is from all the spoil of the females; of the children as slaves; and of the money, houses and lands.

With the money obtained from selling the older women and  the children as slaves, he built an army and equipped them with body armor and shields. Now he was prepared to wage war against other Arabian cities and to subdue them.

The Filthy Tune of Mohammed Found the fit String Through Which Mohammed Will be Heard by force by the Rest of the Arabians

What happened in the Medina helps us understand why Mohammed's offer found willing listeners, first by this group of eight persons who was visiting Mecca. Thus the tune of Mohammed which was refused by the Arabian tribes, which required them to say “Allah is great, and Mohammed his prophet.” In return, they would obtain the females of others, beside their money and their children as slaves. I say that this tune seemed now to this group of eight persons as a means for the two tribes to fulfill what they were unable to achieve without a leader who would embody these illicit abominations explicitly, expressly and openly. A leader who would place their covetousness, carvings and aberrations into a religious context would justify what they already practiced openly. In fact, they used to practice these aberrations, and they were characterized with, in their history. Within this context they thought they had the excuse to kill the two rich tribes in their city and other cities, and rape their daughters and wives, and loot their houses, lands and money, and enslave their children.

Mohammed had played on this filthy string, the only string that allowed him to play his filthy tune, through which he would be heard in Arabia. This string was Oas and Khazraj, the two rancid and vile tribes of Arabia. Mohammed knew the character of those two tribes; in fact, once he said to his youngest wife about them, “that those two tribes are licentious.”[1][15]  He knew they liked frivolity and licentiousness, so he was shrewd enough to offer them the things that goes with their immoral desires.

Mohammed Proposes Killing  the Creditor and Helper so as to get rid of  the Debts and Then to Take the Spoil

Before the attack on the Jewish tribes, there had been peace in the city. Living side by side with Oas and Khazraj,  the Jewish tribes had loaned them abundant amounts of money through a peaceful alliance. But Mohammed had other ideas. He considered the possibility of killing these two rich Jewish tribes and taking all their money. This language of getting rid of the two Jewish tribes, who were helping the Oas and Khazraj and giving them continuous loans, created greediness and covetousness in the Oas and Khazraj to betray the alliance with the rest of inhabitants of their city. Thus, they could get rid of their creditors and spoil their riches, houses, and females, and enslave their children.

Mohammed initiated this strategy when he met with a group of eight people from the tribe of Khazraj. Authoritative Islamic books which narrate his life quote Mohammed as saying:

“who are you?” They said, “a group of Khazraj,” and he said, “are you those who are in alliance with the Jews of Medina, Kharithah and Nather?” (Mohammed knew they were in alliance to defend each other against attacks from the outside, and to refrain from attacking each other.) They said,  “yes” and he said, “Why not sit down so I may talk to you?,” They said,  “Yes.”[xv][16]

We can only speculate on the rest of the conversation Mohammed had with this group, but it must have been similar to the tribe of Wael Bin Baker which we examined earlier. They were to bless the name of Allah thirty three times and, in return, they would have the females and money of others, and they would enslave the children. This became the foundation of Mohammed‘s message to the Arabian tribes after he failed to make proselytes of them by convincing them of his religious claims. Why would we expect his message to Oas and Khazraj to be any different? Mohammed was simply searching for a tribe to help him wage war against the Arabians in order to subjugate them to himself as their prophet?

The inhabitants of Mecca understood Mohammed's message to the two tribes, as it really was a treaty to make war against the inhabitants of Mecca in order to take away their liberty and their riches. The events which followed confirmed the kind of message Mohammed had proposed. Mohammed's message was contrary to the custom of the Arabs who respected their neighbors and would not betray them, be disloyal, or destroy them. This message found the people who are deprived from the human  conscience embracing it. Mohammed knew the circumstances of these two tribes. He knew about their alliance with Beni Nather and Beni Kharithah which provided security and safety in the city. Because there was no national government in Arabia, security was achieved only through alliances between the main tribes in each city. Alliances demanded respect and cooperation among the tribes. For example, they cooperated in the way they handled criminals to be judged, and in the way they defended the city when an external attacker became a threat.

Mohammed presented the same message to each group he met, not as a religious, peaceful message, but as a proposal to put an end to security in the city, and allow for the ability to trample human rights. He presented an opportunity for greediness and covetousness, based on betraying one's neighbor and conspiring against him in order to kill him. The message of Mohammed cancelled covenants and pledges between neighbors, destroying the principles of security which had been followed for hundreds of years. Each neighbor became a victim, and his wealth and family members became the possessions of those who accepted the schemes of Mohammed.

Is Mohammed the Right Example to Follow?

In evaluating a philosophy or a creed, we can't ignore how the founder behaved. What were the results of his actions in his own time? The founder's example will always be the paradigm, or model, which generations to come who embraced his teachings will use to examine and imitate his teachings. Violent people in radical Islam have found an example in their founder and leader, Mohammed. It is little wonder that the Islamic radicalism in Sudan prepared a Jihad, or holy war, attacking the Christian villages of the south. Just like the tribes of Oas and Khazraj, they killed the males and distributed the females to those engaged in Jihad.

What would have happened if one quarter of the world had embraced the Nazism of Hitler? Would that exempt us from evaluating the acts of Hitler, exposing his atrocities, and opposing the danger of Nazism to the human society? I advise my Muslim friends to ponder this. God established goodness, and bestowed the privilege of being a family to mankind. Would God deprive a man of that by killing the man and giving his wife and daughters to another religious group to be their concubines and slaves?

I urge you to compare the life of Jesus Christ to that of Mohammed. Jesus went to the cross for you. He was attacked, beaten and crucified, but “he opened not his mouth.”  There was  “no guile found in him.” Jesus never waged war, never violated the rights of those around him, nor incited his followers to rape and enslave others. Jesus even urged his followers to feed their enemies and do good to those who despitefully used them. Isn't there a difference?

 

What was Perceived from the Representatives of the two Tribes was not a Religion but a Specific Plan

Although his offer was rejected by the other Arabian tribes, it appealed to the members of the two most cruel tribes in the history of Jahiliyah, or pre-Islamic times. In Mohammed’s offer,  the eight representatives of these two tribes saw a way for tribe members to get rich quick,  and they saw a large pool of women to fulfill their expectations for frivolity and sex. In addition, they saw a way to rid themselves of the debts they owed their neighbors. They would inherit their neighbor’s gold, houses and land, and they would benefit financially from making slaves of the children and selling them in the markets. And, all this was to be done under the cover of religiosity.

The representatives of these two tribes saw that Mohammed’s offer was not a religion, but a specific plan to conquer Arabia. And Mohammed was ready to apply it personally by emigrating to Medina to lead the two tribes to carry out his extermination program and fulfill  their sexual passions. From here, we see the eight people have returned to their city, Al Medina, with a specific plan, which was the same plan Mohammed presented to the tribe of Baker and to other Arabian tribes.  Mohammed proposed that he would become the leader for the two tribes in order to carry out his genocidal plan.

 They promised to convey Mohammeds message to the two tribes – which consisted in the acceptance of the leadership of Mohammed for what he promised, which amounted to treason of their neighbors, depriving  them of their money, wives and daughters, and enslaving their children. After talking to Mohammed, the eight representatives returned to their city, al-Medina, with Mohammed’s demonic plan, which they conveyed to the two tribes. In their actions, we see a willingness to convey Mohammed’s genocidal message. We see them expressing their preference to follow Mohammed over their own tribal leadership, and to fulfill the plan Mohammed displayed. Ibn Hisham, Mohammed's biographer, quotes their own words: “May they be gathered to you. We will come to them and call them to your order. If they agree to it, nobody is preferred over you.” Another of Mohammeds biographers, al-Halabi, agrees with Ibn Hisham when he tells us: “May they are gathered under you. If their words will be united toward you and they follow you, nobody is preferred over you.”[xvi][17]

     We can clearly see that the matter is not of a religious nature, accepted individually, but it’s a commitment to a plan whose subject was well known, since Mohammed had already presented it to the rest of the tribes.

The treaty between Mohammed and the two tribes was called “the treaty of Akaba.” Mohammed gained the advantage when the two tribes accepted his bait, by making them ecome under his bondage and enslavement.

Mohammed’s program spread through the two tribes. After a short time, they sent a delegation of twelve people to him who spoke officially for the tribes. They made a commitment to defend Mohammed with the same vigor with which they would defend their own children. They accepted that Mohammed would emigrate to them, indicating that the tribes had accepted his program, which consisted of the following: that Mohammed would take the leadership of the two tribes and would begin the piracy which he previously proposed, which would guarantee their dominance over Medina by exterminating the rich Jewish tribes who lived in the city. Then he would wage wars against neighboring Arabian tribes.

 This treaty was called “the treaty of Akaba.”  Mohammeds biographers said he told the representatives of the two tribes:

 “I pledge allegiance with the condition that you defend me as you defend your wives and sons.” So they pledged their allegiance to Mohammed under these terms, and they accepted that he would emigrate to Medina with his followers.

Mohammed added more conditions. He must have:

“their obedience in times of perspicuity as well as in troublesome and difficult times,” said one of his biographers. “They must be loyal to him in the days that are encouraging and in the days of hated events. They shall not contend with him and his command.”[xvii][18]

Ibadah Bin al-Samet عبادة بن الصامت was one of the leaders selected to represent the two tribes before Mohammed. He said:

“We pledged allegiance to Mohammed to completely listen to him and obey him, in our easy, normal times as well as in our difficult times, when the days were in our favor and when the days were not in our favor.”[xviii][19]

This means they were to be obedient to Mohammed in all circumstances, whether they liked it or hated it. Mohammed had fettered them in severe bondage. They fell into his trap and took the bait, anticipating free sex, and the money and possessions which would be theirs.

Mohammed expected blind obedience, in which they relinquished their right to object to his actions or to hold differing opinions, no matter how much they hated it. Mohammed built his scheme on their desire to enjoy the women they conquered, and experience a continuous life of extravagance, wantonness and licentiousness, even if it meant they had to sacrifice their own liberty. Mohammed put them in the worst kind of bondage ever  imposed on mankind. Even today Muslims are subjected to the same bondage. They are not free to choose their own faith, and they face death if they doubt Mohammed’s claims or abandon him.

    The followers of Mohammed have become human tools whom he humiliated in order to increase his authority and extend his domain. He had no regard for them, so he pushed them into suicidal wars. Compare what Mohammed did to the behavior of Jesus Christ who, instead of fleecing his followers, offered himself as a ransom for them.

    Mohammed placed his followers in bondage, to the extent that he threatened to excommunicate anyone who would speak with loud voice before him. Mohammed turned his face away from such a person. He would not respond to his salutes, and avoided any conversation with him. Then Mohammed ordered his followers to treat the excommunicated person in the same manner, and thus separate him from his own household. Mohammed separated him from his wife, prohibiting his wife to serve her husband or to remain in the home with him. He did this in order to humiliate the person. After this, Mohammed used to claim that the repentance of such an excommunicated person had been announced to Mohammed from Allah. Mohammed used to claim such things after he had humiliated the excommunicated person and changed him into a lowly humiliated slave.

 When we study the names of the early representatives who pledged themselves to Mohammed, we discover that most of them were killed in the piracy expeditions which Mohammed waged against villages, cities and tribes in Arabia. Biographer Ibn Hisham treats these issues in his book about Mohammed. Mohammeds actions enslaved his followers to their excessive and abnormal lusts, and he founded his kingdom and domain on their bodies.

Mohammed’s Selfish Behavior in Pushing People to Suicidal Wars for his own Exaltation, in Contrast to the Loving and Caring Behavior of Christ

Mohammed’s behavior stands in stark contrast to the behavior of Christ, who was not concerned about His own personal suffering, but rather kept from exposing his disciples to the harmful treatment of others.

We see this in the Gospels. For example, in John 18:4-10, the rulers of the Jews came with their soldiers to arrest Jesus while He was with His disciples in Gethsemane. John tells us in his Gospel:

Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?” They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” And Jesus said to them, “I am He.”... Now when He said to them, “I am He,”  they drew back and fell to the ground.

Then He asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” To which Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am he. Therefore, if you seek me, let these go their way,” that the saying might be fulfilled which he spoke, “Of those whom you gave me I have lost none.”

Jesus didn’t want to forfeit any of His disciples. Instead, He gave Himself as a ransom for their salvation and for the rest of the world.

On the other hand, Mohammed saw those who followed him (and were deceived by his bait) as tools without value or importance, as firewood to be burnt only to facilitate Mohammed’s desire to gain dominion over the Arabian tribes. Mohammed offered nothing to his generation except a horrible example, pushing people to suicidal wars for his own exaltation. He made devious bargains to fulfill his plans. How can he possibly be of spiritual benefit to either his own generation or to subsequent generations?

There is no one worthy of being the Savior other than Jesus Christ, who proved to be a loving leader. Being in the form of God, He didn’t consider it robbery to be equal with the Father in the Godhead, but He made Himself of no reputation, taking on Himself the form of a servant in the likeness of a man. Appearing as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. In contrast to Mohammed, Jesus is a true leader, as well as the Savior of the soul. His example of humility and unselfish love need to be followed today. God the Father has selected no leader other than Jesus, the one who reflects God's humbleness in human form, and God's love. He is the One who gives immediate salvation for every one who asks Him by faith.

Are you following God’s appointed leader, or have you fallen for the deception so cleverly perpetrated many years ago? If you do not follow Jesus, I urge you to seriously consider His life and His teachings. It is a matter of eternal consequence.

The most vicious and ferocious two tribes in all Arabia took Mohammed’s bait, only to suffer the severest of shame, humiliation and bondage.

Ibn Maktum, also called Amru, was a cousin of Khadijah, who was Mohammed’s first wife. Mohammed sent  him to Oas and Khazraj.[xix][20]

 It is difficult for us to understand how the two tribes were ready to accept Mohammed as their boss and leader after only eight of them met with Mohammed for only a few minutes. Further, they agreed to host a group of outlaws at Mecca. There is no answer to such a question, except that the saliva of the tribesmen flowed smoothly toward the sex-motivated and destructive scheme presented by Mohammed. We need to look past that short discussion and hasty decision.  Sitting with eight of their members for only a few minutes could not have been sufficient time to plant religious thoughts in their hearts. Rather, it took only a short time for Mohammed to announce his specific plan that called on the tribes to kill their neighbors, seize their money, houses, lands and females. When Mohammed’s abusiveness and tyrannical language told them to betray their neighbors, friends and allies, he began to court them and seduce the souls of the two tribes who were the most beastly of all the Arabian tribes. Concerning their immorality, the two tribes of Oas and Khazraj were similar to the group who followed Mohammed at Mecca. They refused to work, and they lived in indulgence and extravagance, envying other tribes who had money and enjoyed the respect of others. In Mohammed’s plan, they found a religious excuse to attack their Jewish and Arabian neighbors, and easily subdue them to become their leaders, pirate their money, and control their women.

They had no understanding of what Islam was all about, since only eight people met with Mohammed, and they met with him for only a few minutes. This couldn’t possibly allow enough time for them to understand any of the religious claims of Mohammed. But it did give them enough time to understand Mohammed’s plan, which became an obvious slogan to everyone who visited the area around Mecca. Mohammed endeavored to influence his visitors, hoping that his proposition would find a response with one or more of the tribes, and that his immoral schemes would bear fruit among tribal chiefs who had been inclined to perversion.

Finally, Mohammed found that the tribes of Oas and Khazraj were ready to respond to the filthy satanic tune which he played for them. When Mohammed noticed that the poison which he had placed in their minds had spread to the tribal leadership, he imposed cruel conditions on them, and required a high and a costly price from them which was to pledge their blind obedience to him.  We can see this in the terms of the treaty Mohammed had with them. It read that they pledged

Their obedience in times of perspicuity, as well as in troublesome and difficult times. In the days that are encouraging and in the hated events. And that they shall not contend with him and his command.[xx][21]

Even though they knew what fate awaited them, the two tribes agreed to be subject to him on those conditions. They did it in order to obtain other conditions which had greater appeal to them.

The treaty was known for its strict terms. No other religious man in history was ever called by a group of people to be recognized as reformer in their midst, without first having lived among them for many years in order to gain their confidence and persuade them that his promise was genuine. But here we find two tribes willing to go along with eight of their members who had an accidental and shallow meeting with Mohammed. The entire membership of the tribes was ready to make Mohammed the master of their souls in severe blind obedience. 

What aspect of the treaty made these aggressive tribes undergo complete subjection?  What made them imprison their souls under the bondage of a man without having the opportunity to object to what he decided? The thing that made them totally surrender to Mohammed was what he promised them – the spoils of war: wives, daughters, lands and houses. Therefore, the quick, unlawful and illicit riches led frivolous leaders to submit to cruel shame and humiliation. Their wills became completely enslaved to the point where there was no freedom of thought, and no objection to whatever Mohammed imposed on them. They were unable to express themselves or make the slightest suggestion. This was, perhaps, the worst humiliation ever imposed on a people. This is the same kind of covenant the Devil makes with human beings today. He places the belt of authority tightly around his victims, fettering their minds and their personalities. He steals their wills and their personal liberty. He insists that everything be yielded to him and to his representatives. Even today, each person on whom Mohammed imposes his ideas suffers from the same consequence. Objection to Mohammed’s thoughts are not acceptable. The Muslim who thinks independently faces the maximum punishment, which is death. This is true today in any Muslim country. Muslims who dare object to the ideas of Mohammed, the diviner of Mecca, face capital punishment.

The immediate adoption of Islam by the two tribes was made by the tribal chiefs. This was to expedite  the application by Mohammed of the rest of the articles and terms of the treaty.

The entrance of the two tribes into Islam was not through personal or individual religious persuasion or personal conviction of the people, but was made solely on the decision of the tribal chiefs. Mohammed sent Mesab Bin Amir with the tribal leaders as part of the treaty. Mesab encouraged the tribal chiefs to bring the two tribes into Islam before Mohammed’s arrival at Medina.

Therefore, the process of indoctrinating the chiefs into Islam and then quickly bringing their members into the religion came without preparation, teaching, or taking into consideration anyone’s point of view, or any individual’s decision. Accepting Islam was required as part of the accepted plan which Mohammed displayed to their representatives who met with him at Mecca. Therefore, when the leaders wore the garments of Islam, it was something spontaneous and automatic. They also imposed Islam on the members of the tribes in only a brief moment, without anyone understanding anything about the religious doctrines of Mohammed. We see this in the examples of Saad Bin Maath سعد بن معاذ  and Usaid Bin Hutheir اسيد بن حضير, who were the leaders of the tribe of Beni al-Ashhal, a major branch of one of the tribes.[xxi][22]  We find Saad imposing Islam on the members of his tribe when they accepted the articles and terms of the treaty with Mohammed. Mohammed’s biographers said:

When Saad stood to speak to them, he said, “Sons of Abed al-Ashhal [al-Ashhal was the head from whom the tribe descended], how did you see my order to you?” They answered, “You are our lord, and you have the best opinion among us, and your order is blessed.” He then said, “What you say to your wives is illegal and illicit until you believe in Allah and his prophet.” After he said this, none of the members of the tribe of Beni Abdel Shahal remained without becoming Muslim that evening. All the men and women became Muslims on the same day.[xxii][23]

We see that the people themselves were not persuaded by the religion of Mohammed.  Instead, it was a political move in the hands of the tribal chiefs to expedite the program promised by Mohammed. The process of accepting Islam was completed without delay or desire to understand what Islam really was. The leaders saw that quickly imposing Islam on tribal members would guarantee the acceptance of the terms of Mohammed’s accord. They did this in order to achieve their goals in becoming the truly rich people of Medina and the cities around it, instead of the chiefs of Quraish. In addition, they would soon take the wives, daughters, and the possessions of the Jewish tribes that they had lived with for generations.

As mentioned earlier, a short time after Mohammed came to the Medina, he drove away the Jewish tribe of Beni Nathir and took their money, houses and lands. Then he besieged the houses and settlements of the second Jewish tribe, Beni Kharithah, until they yielded to him. Then Mohammed ordered his followers to cut off the heads of any male over ten years of age. Next, they dug trenches and buried their victims. Mohammed then distributed the females they conquered to the tribal chiefs and the tribal members, exactly as he had promised. Mohammed divided their houses and fields, apportioning them to the two tribes and to those who followed him from Mecca. He sold all the children under ten into slavery.

This same example, set by Mohammed, has been followed by Muslims throughout history. Islam has spread by imposing itself on the masses who never understood what the religion was all about.

The ultimate goal of the Qur'an is to force the world to embrace Islam through humiliation and the sword, and to exterminate those who do not accept Islam.

After Mohammed died, the very tribes on which Mohammed imposed Islam by force, withdraw from Islam and expressed the desire of everyone to choose his or her own faith. But their rebellion did not last for long. Abu Baker, the first Caliph of Mohammed, waged wars against the rebelling tribes, subduing them to Islam and killing those who refused to embrace this religion. He did this in accordance with the Qur’an which orders all Muslims to fight all those who don’t believe in Mohammed’s claims. The Qur’an incites Muslims to fight “unbelievers” or “infidels.” In Surah 8:39, the Qur’an says: “fight them on, until there is no seduction, until this religion is only the religion of Allah.” Another verse, Surah 9:12, says: “fight the chiefs of infidelity that they may be exterminated.” And in Surah 9:36 we read that Muslims are to “fight the infidel all.” It is clear from the study of these, and many other verses of the Qur’an, that the requirement of the Qur’an is to fight all non-Muslims. If they don’t accept Islam, Allah gladly wants them to be exterminated, because the goal of Jihad, or holy war, is to make the whole world embrace one religion, Islam.

The followers of Mohammed put these verses into practice. After they dealt with backsliders in Arabia, they waged many wars in the Middle East to impose Islam on different nations. In a sense it worked for Mohammed's followers. The religion spread in the areas they occupied. If people would not convert willingly, they imposed it through the sword. In some countries, like North Africa, the inhabitants faced death if they did not embrace Islam. As a result there were numerous martyrs. In other countries, such as Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Jordan, they imposed a heavy tribute, called Jizyah جزية, on those who failed to convert to Islam. There is a verse in the Qur’an, Surah 9:29, which says that infidels, such as Christians and Jews, are targets of Mohammed's anger:

Fight those who believe not in Allah ... from the people of the book [he meant the Christians and Jews] until they pay the Jizyah [the tribute] by their hands, humiliated.

According to Qur’an, the tribute paid by Christians and Jews included personal humiliation. For example, Muslims applied this teaching during the 7th century A.D. in Christian countries by spitting in the faces of those who paid the tribute but refused to become Muslims. Often they beat them while they were paying the tribute. They had no tolerance for either Christians or Jews. Rather than kill them immediately, Muslims imposed heavy tributes on them, always paid with some kind of humiliation. This was intended to put pressure on non-Muslims so that most of them would be compelled to yield to Islam.

The ancestors of most Muslims in the Middle East were nominal Christians who, because of the heavy tribute and humiliation imposed on them, yielded to Islam, even though they were not convinced of its doctrines. Today, many of their descendants still aren’t able to liberate themselves from Islamic bondage. They are still paying a heavier price than the tribute their ancestors were required to pay. Today, Muslims must pay the tribute of blood if they seek religious freedom.

Christ respects the individual freedom to choose to believe in Him, in contrast with Mohammed's behavior which forcefully imposed his creed, killing the one who doubted it.

Christianity, led by Jesus Christ, stands in stark contrast to the Islam of Mohammed. Mohammed used every  illicit and abusive way he could to force people to consider him as a prophet. Mohammed carried force to such an extent that he exterminated those who refused to believe in him. On the other hand, we find Jesus refusing to be Lord over people who don’t come to him by their own choice and refuse to place their faith in His true identity as God incarnate. The Bible records that Jesus refused the Jews who wanted Him to be their king after he performed a creative miracle and fed 5,000 people in the desert. He multiplied the five loaves and two fish. Jesus wasn’t looking to be a king over people who didn’t recognize his identity through faith. He didn’t want to dominate people who were attracted to personal interests, rather than building a loving relationship with Him by acknowledging His perfection, perfect love and holiness as God.

Jesus never denounced anyone who doubted His divine identity. Do you remember Thomas who doubted Jesus’ resurrection, and declared that he would not believe unless he saw the prints of the nails in His hands and put his fingers into them and into Jesus’ sword-pierced side? Jesus didn’t fight against Thomas, but He appeared to Thomas and allowed him to trace the prints of the wounds in his hands and side. Because Jesus allowed the facts to create faith, Thomas was able to say to Jesus, “My Lord and my God.” While Mohammed used the sword and imposed heavy tribute to enforce untruthful claims upon people who were not convinced of them nor believed in him, Christianity simply presents the facts, enabling the soul to recognize its true Creator and God.

My friend, if you are a follower of Islam, living under the control of its false claims, you need to think for yourself. Compare the claims of Jesus Christ to what you believe and make an educated choice. It’s worth anything it may take to break away from the delusion of Islam to follow Christ.

 

PAGAN RITUALS FROM TWO TRIBES LIVING IN MEDINA BECAME THE MAIN RITUALS OF ISLAM

Did you ever wonder why Muslims worship on Friday, while Jews worship on Saturday and Christians worship on Sunday? The answer may surprise you. When Mohammed emigrated to Medina from Mecca, he had to deal with two tribes, Oas and Khazraj, who had their pagan rituals, many of which they weren’t willing to abandon. Mohammed found it necessary to incorporate these rituals into Islam. One ritual concerns the day of Friday, the pagan religious day celebrated by Oas and Khazraj. They called the day Urubah,” but it corresponds to our Friday.  Ibn Abbas, the cousin of Mohammed, tells us:

The Ansar, a title for the two tribes, said, “There is a day for the Jews to meet every seven days, and for the Christians there is also a weekly day. So, let us make a day in which we meet and call on the name of Allah and pray.” So they made it the day of Urubah.[xxiii][24][1]

They chose the same pagan day they which celebrated before they became Muslims. It was the day they worshipped idols. They sent for Mohammed before he emigrated to Medina to ask his permission to use their pagan day of Urubah for their weekly worship. Mohammed allowed it,[xxiv][25] and the pagan day of the two tribes became the sacred day for Muslims. The incident shows that in the early years, Mohammed had no fixed religious rituals to present to his contemporaries. His main goal was to satisfy the Arabian tribes, so he adopted their existing rituals.

Friday, or al-Jummah as it is called in Arabic, was named by Kaab Bin Luay, one of the two tribal chiefs. He called the day Jummah, which in Arabic means “meeting” or “gathering.” For pagan Arabians, Friday is called Urubah, which means “mercy.”[1][26]  It was their pagan weekly feast when the two tribes met on Friday before the emigration of Mohammed to Medina.[xxv][27]

 

Mohammed Followed  the Rituals of the two Tribes When They Contradicted his Rituals

The two tribes not only imposed their pagan weekly day of worship on Mohammed, but they dictated the direction which they were to face when they prayed. In Arabic they called it “Khublah.” Before his alliance with the two tribes, Oas and Khazraj, Mohammed used to face Jerusalem like the Jews did when praying, but the two tribes were non-compliant and disagreed with the direction Mohammed faced. Kaab Bin Malek said:

We made a pilgrimage with our people who were pagan. Our chief, Albraa Bin Maarur, was with us. When we left Medina, Albraa said, “Oh, I have an opinion, but I do not know if you agree with me or not.”  We asked, “What is this opinion?” He said, “I decided not to pray with the Kaabah behind me,  but instead, I’ll pray facing it.” We said, “In the name of Allah, we heard that our prophet always prayed facing toward Damascus [meaning the temple of Jerusalem], and we do not want to contradict him in this.” He said, “I am going to pray toward the Kaabah.” So when the time of prayer came, we prayed facing Damascus with the Kaabeh behind us. When he prayed he faced Kaabah with Damascus behind him.[xxvi][28][1]

Here we find before his alliance with Oas and Khazraj, that, in Mohammed’s mind, the Kaabah was not a building that was superior to the temple of Jerusalem which he thought existed then. If he really believed that Abraham wanted to sacrifice his son Ishmael on the black Stone of Mecca, why did he neglect the Kaabah until the chiefs of Oas and Khazraj imposed it on him ?

 Another conclusion we draw from this incident is that deference was given to the pagan rituals of Oas and Khazraj of Medina. If they differed from Mohammed’s rituals, they took precedence. We see the two tribal chiefs were indifferent to what Mohammed practiced. As we saw in the case of Albraa Bin Maarur, they had their own rituals which they inherited from their pagan fathers, such as Friday worship, and facing their Khublah toward Mecca where the two statues of Asaf and Naelah resided, who were the two priests of Jinn that they venerated. The statues stood on the shore in Mecca while copies of them were on the main stones of Kaabah. They also conducted a Hajj to the hill of Safa and Marwa where copies of the two priests of Jinn were placed. The leaders of Oas and Khazraj could not accept the plans of Mohammed to pray facing toward Jerusalem. Mohammed wanted to make a connection with the faith of the Old Testament, but they showed they were not ready to abandon their pagan rites. Although they had accepted Mohammed's program which enabled them to exploit the women and seize the money of their Arabian neighbors, they were not ready to abandon the rituals of their original pagan religion. Their real intention was to have a religious appearance like that of Mohammed which would enable them to meet the conditions of the accord with him because they wanted to have sex and the material possessions of those they conquered. But they insisted in continuing their own pagan rituals, with or without Mohammed’s consent. For example, we saw Albraa Bin Maarur insisting that he continue his prayer ritual facing Mecca, rather than assume Mohammed’s custom to pray toward Jerusalem. Albraa did not care that the rituals of Mohammed contradicted his own rituals.

 Here we see Mohammed was obliged to give up his own rituals when they contradicted those of Oas and Khazraj. Mohammed was ready to accept their rites, such as worshipping on Friday, and circling around  Safa and Marwa which Oas and Khazraj practiced during their occult Hajj to the statues of Asaf and Naelah. Many Muslims objected to these rites, knowing that they were the pagan rituals of Jahiliyah. Uns Bin Malek said:

Asem has told us, “I said to Uns Bin Malek, 'You used to hate to walk making a pilgrimage between the Safa and Marwa.' He answered, ‘Yes,’ because it was from the pagan rituals of Jahiliyah. Allah inspired Mohammed to recite a verse in the Qur’an which says, 'Safa and Marwa are from the rituals of Allah. He who makes a Hajj to the temple or the Hajj of Umra' has no sin if he encompasses around Safa and Marwa,' quoting  Surah 2:158.[xxvii][29]

This verse pleased Oas and Khazraj, the two tribes of Medina. The same thing happened in the case of “Khublah,” which is an Arabic word meaning the direction one must face when praying. The Khublah to Mecca in prayer was more important to Oas and Khazraj than any religious ritual Mohammed used to establish a connection with “the people of the book.By book, he meant the Bible. Mohammed quickly changed his Khublah from being toward Jerusalem to being toward Mecca, in order to please the chiefs of those two tribes.

 Mohammed quickly adjusted his rites to satisfy the tribes, but he did so with verses of the Qur’an so that he would remain the main channel of legislation and the maker of all the laws which were inspired by Allah.

 

Mohammed Incorporated the Customs and Rituals of Oas and Khazraj with the Excuse that Allah had Praised Them.

We read in the biography of Mohammed:

that  Allah inspired a verse of the Qur’an which says, “Men liked to purify their bodies and themselves.” Then Mohammed called them and asked, “What is this purification that Allah made a compliment to you because of it?” They said, “O prophet of Allah,  none of us,  neither women or men,  evacuate the bowels or defecate without a thorough cleaning.”  Mohammed answered, “This was it.”[xxviii][30]

Mohammed noticed that the two tribes had special customs, such as thorough cleaning with water, or with stones from the fields, after defecation. So he asked them about the details of these customs. Then he ordered them to do this as part of the Islamic law.

      This reveals to us that Mohammed wanted to copy the customs of the two tribes, but in a way that made it look as though Allah had ordered him to do so. Mohammed wanted the tribes to continue their customs, but under the pretext that Allah liked the customs and commended them. Then Mohammed imposed the customs of the two tribes upon all Muslims. We read in the biography of Mohammed: It was characteristic of the prophet of Allah to make a law for his nation that they clean themselves with stones after relieving themselves.”[xxix][31] However, civilized people, such as the Byzantines at the time of Mohammed, used to clean themselves with more hygienic material than stones of the desert. Stones are contaminated with germs and worms that easily enter the body through this primitive method of cleaning.

When Mohammed entered Medina, he gave a speech in which he emphasized his determination to put into practice the terms of the articles of his agreement with the chiefs of the two tribes, Oas and Khazraj. He said, “I was ordered to have Medina eat up the other towns,” meaning to conquer other cities and take their money and steal their women.[xxx][32] Without a doubt, when Mohammed entered Medina, he quickly emphasized and confirmed the purpose of his program. He announced the rallying cry through which he attracted for the first time eight of them at Mecca, which then spread quickly in the souls of the chiefs of Oas and Khazraj, and they accepted him as a leader who would put this program into practice. Mohammed could not enter the city of Medina without repeating his call to arms. It is like a man elected as the president of a nation because of his specific agenda. His first declaration will focus on his determination to apply the program which brought him to power. So when Mohammed entered Medina, he didn’t have speeches filled with religious slogans, but he repeated the catchwords he used to initiate the filthy bargain he made with Oas and Khazraj, when he was called to power and was given authority over these two tribes. No other language could have pleased the ears of those who called him because of the open and frank manner  in which he made his previous offer. Therefore, Mohammed enforced these things in the minds of these savage tribes.

 Mohammed was accepted as the leader by Oas and Khazraj without any analysis of his doctrine. In fact, the two tribes held nothing in common except for the rallying cry to eat up the nearby towns and enjoy their women. There was nothing that Mohammed could stress when he entered the city except the old program he had presented to the two tribes. Had he come with thoughts of piety and religion, no one would have received him. His donkey would have continued to wander in the town with Abu Baker, his assistant. No one would have been excited at the sayings of the one who rode the donkey. The same thing happened in Mecca when Abu Baker promoted the claims of Mohammed. Few were attracted to his speech. Nabash Bin Zarareh Bin Wakdan, the husband of Khadijah, who became the first wife of Mohammed, was the visionary of Jinn: the Jinn appeared to Nabash in the form of an old man to give him information[xxxi][33]. Abu Baker was his most important disciple. Abu Baker remained a close friend of Khadijah,  eager to obey her when she declared Mohammed was the prophet, instead of her former husband.

      When Mohammed changed his language from what appeared to be religious to what now consisted of eating up the villages,” he  was followed by a group at Mecca which was looking for these degrading experiences, and who were envious of the people of Mecca and covetous of their riches. These groups found Mohammed to be the one who played to their aspirations with a loud and daring voice under the excuse of forming a new religion.

Therefore, not any recitation would fit the occasion when he entered Medina in pleasing the two tribes who responded to his sayings, which he made their representatives at Mecca to hear.

 

 

TO WHAT MORAL CATEGORY SHOULD MOHAMMED BE ASSIGNED?

 

Offering sex as a Bribe to Oas and Khazraj was Openly and Publicly Promoted by Mohammed

Mohammed’s first  campaign was to enlist a tribe to which he had not previously presented his claim to see if they would accept or refuse it. When he moved into their settlements he found women in the camp. He took the women and returned to Medina, giving orders to the members of the tribe to enjoy sex with the females he stole.[xxxii][34] He did this because he wanted the members of the two tribes to have confidence that he was serious about what he had promised, which was part of the covenant he had with them.

     Where did all this happen? Thaniat al-Wada'a was located in the suburbs of Medina. The biographers of Mohammed indicate that this place was used by Mohammed for public fornication and immorality. The book of Halabieh says:

When the companions of Mohammed returned to Thaniat al-Wada'a from Khaybar, they  called the females with whom they enjoyed free sex in Khaybar.[xxxiii][35]

Al-Wada'a was a place set aside for sex with the women stolen in their campaigns with Mohammed. We see that Mohammed encouraged immorality on a large scale, to the extent that the females of an entire city were dragged there for sexual gratification. I ask the question, “Throughout history,  which of the world's religions, other than the religion of Mohammed, were founded on sexual pleasure?” This is a unique characteristic of Mohammad's religion among the known religions of the world. Anthropologists tell us this kind of public behavior of free sex and orgies is something  common among the occult sects which openly worshipped the devil. Our Muslim friends need to know that the God of the Bible is a holy God who abhors sin and immorality. The licentiousness and immorality on which Mohammed founded and established his religion places his religious teachings on the same level as the occult groups which adopted these practices for their abnormal and perverted adherences.

Truth cannot be found within the life and teachings of a man who founded his religion on such abominations. Nor can we imagine that such a person could have had any relationship with a holy God. Nor can anyone improve upon a religion which was founded on these practices. The only way our Muslim friends can avoid eternal damnation is to come out of this system and return to the holy God who was expressed in Jesus Christ. His true essence and character is seen through His perfect holiness, conduct and teaching.

Mohammed planted hatred in the hearts of his followers in preparation to conduct Jihad, or holy war, against all those who were not Muslims, even members of their own families.

After emigrating to Medina, Mohammed prepared his followers for the task of Jihad.  Muslims were ordered not to reside in territories which were not Muslim.[xxxiv][36]  His followers were told that they should emigrate to Medina, leaving their spouses and sons who are not Muslims. The motive behind these orders was to separate the Muslims from their societies, in order that Mohammed could control them. As instruments in his hand, he could easily enlist them in the wars and piracies which he planned to wage against the tribes and cities of Arabia.

 Mohammed undermined family relationships, and ordered his followers not to show kindness toward the members of their families who were not Muslims. He says in the Qur’an, Surah al-Mujadilah 58:22:

You will not find those who believe in Allah and the last day to love and be kind with those who ignore Allah and his prophet, even though they are their fathers, their sons, their brothers, or members of their tribe.

In Surah 9, called Tawbah, verses 23 and 24, Mohammed says:

You who believe, do not give consideration to your fathers and brothers, if they preferred to be infidels rather than embrace faith. The one who relates to them will be unjust. If you favor your father, your son, your brother, your wife or your kindred, or if the wealth you gained, the commerce you are afraid to lose and the houses you enjoy, are dearer to you than Allah, his prophet and the Jihad for him, then wait until Allah brings  about his decision and order.

Through these verses Mohammed laid a foundation for his followers to be hostile toward the members and relatives of their own families and the society in which they lived. He did so in order to prepare the ground for his followers to make Jihad against family members and kindred who remained in Mecca and refused to become Muslims. In verse 24, he taught that Jihad must be dearer to them than their families. He did this to prepare them to fight against their families who refused Islam.  After Mohammed sowed hatred in the heart of his followers against their fathers, brothers, wives and kindred, he included a verse in the Qur’an in which he sanctioned their slaughter. The verse is 123 of the same Surah 9. It says:

You who believe, fight those who are related to you among the infidels, and let them find in you hostility and harshness.

The Arabic word for the phrase “related to you” in this verse is “Yalunakum.” According to the Islamic expositors of the Qur’an, it means “those in your family who are close to you, such as fathers, sons, brothers and cousins.”  Al-Sabuni, a modern Saudi expositor of the Qur’an, commenting on this verse, says:

They had to start fighting those who were the closest family members until they reached the ones who were more distant in their relationship.[xxxv][37]

After Mohammed (in verses 23 - 24 of  Surah 9)  prohibited displaying kindness to fathers and other family members, he did something even worse. In verse 123 we read that Mohammed authorized the slaughtering of fathers and other family members, under the excuse that they were infidels who refused to become Muslims.

 

Fathers are killed by Their Muslim Sons who, in Turn, are Forbidden to Regret or Show Sadness

After Mohammed prepared his followers to show hate and hostility toward members of their families, and to fight them,  and then he led his followers in expressing a diabolic hatred unprecedented in human history. Mohammed led his followers to attack the caravans of Mecca, to steal their property, and to kill their leaders. When the people of Mecca saw that the riches of their city were being confiscated, and law and order were being threatened by Mohammed and his followers, they came out to defend what was theirs. Then Mohammed encouraged his followers to fight the inhabitants of Mecca who came out to defend their caravans.

 But when Mohammed saw that many of the people of Mecca were the fathers of his followers, he intentionally ordered his Muslim followers to wrestle with, and fight, their own fathers. Mohammed knew the fathers would not kill their sons, even though they joined Mohammed and sabotaged the law and the security of the city. Mohammed knew this, and he saw that he would gain an advantage in battle when he selected sons to fight their own fathers. As a result, many fathers were killed by their own Muslim sons during the battle. It was in the battle of Uhud that Abu Ubeideh Bin al-Jarrah killed his father and eventually became a leader and one of Mohammed’s commanders.

 Not only did Mohammed promote the slaughter of fathers by their own sons, but he prohibited the sons to show any regret for killing their fathers. He would not allow the sons to show any sadness after the killings.  Abi Hatheifah ابي حذيفة killed his father in battle. Afterward, Mohammed began disposing of the dead bodies by throwing them into a large well. Abi Hatheifah saw the dead body of his father whom he had killed as it was thrown in the well. When Mohammed noticed the expression on Abi Hatheifah’s face, Mohammed said to him, It seems you still have some feeling toward your father?”[1][38]  Abi Hatheifah understood that if he showed any sympathy or regret at his father's death, this might bring the wrath of Mohammed on him. So he said,I don’t mourn for my father. But in the name of Allah, I knew my father to be a man with a good mind, showing clemency and favor. I desired that he should become Muslim.”[1][39] Today, I ask my Muslim friends, “Is it right for a son to kill his father?” His son who murdered him attested to the good qualities of his father. Were not those qualities befitting a man with a good mind, clemency and favor? Did not these qualities place him above those who killed him, including his son and the mastermind who planned these atrocities? Never before has history recorded atrocities like this !

 

Many people who disagreed with Mohammed were betrayed and killed by their close Muslim friends and relatives.

When anyone disagreed with Mohammed, he deceived him and then killed him. Often Mohammed sent a Muslim who was a relative of the victim to do the job, sening the would-be killer at night while the victim was sleeping at home. Mohammed knew the intended victim would open his house to a relative.  For example, because Kaab Bin al-Ashraf occasionally criticized Mohammed, Mohammed sent two men at night to kill him. One of them was Mohammed Bin Muslima who was a close friend of Kaab, and the other was Abu Naelah who was a brother of Kaab. Both brothers were wet-nursed by the same woman. Arabians consider unrelated brothers suckled by the same woman as real brothers.

 Both Mohammed Bin Muslima and Abu Naelah came to Kaab asking for him. Al-Bukhari, Mohammed’s biographer, said:

Kaab called them to enter his well-fortified yard. The wife of Kaab said to him, “Where you are going at this hour of the night?” He said, “It’s for the sake of Mohammed Bin Muslima and my brother Abu Naelah.” Then one of the brothers said, “When I draw near to him to kiss his head you kill him.” So they killed him and reported this to the apostle of Allah.[xxxvi][40]

On many occasions Mohammed sent Muslims to decapitate poets and intellectuals who criticized Islam or disagreed with him. Mohammed’s custom was to have them killed at night and have their heads brought to him. He usually selected friends or relatives of the victims whom they allowed to enter their homes at night, assuming  they would not harm them.

The followers of Mohammed were taught to deny their friendships with infidels. Another example is Abdel Rahman Bin 'Auf عبد الرحمن بن عوف. He had a close friend, Umayya Bin Khalef. When Muslims began killing those of Mecca who came to defend their caravans, Umayya was surrounded by many Muslims who struck him with swords. Umayya cried to his old friend Abdel Rahman for help, but Abdel Rahman ignored him and abandoned him. Umayya died with his son by blows from the swords.

 

Teaching Love and Forgiveness Comes From the True God, not From Mohammed who Taught Hatred and Betrayal

Killing fathers and brothers, and betraying friendships as taught by the Qur’an and instructed by Mohammed, stands in stark contrast to the teaching of the New Testament. Jesus said in Matthew 5:43 – 44:

You have heard that it hath been said, “Thou shalt love your neighbor, and hate your enemy.” But I say unto you, “Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.”

In Luke 6:28, we read, Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.  The teaching of the New Testament expresses the character of the loving God who wants humanity to live in harmony and peace by loving each other and forgiving each other. Yet, we read the Qur’an and can’t help but notice Mohammed's example, sowing hatred in families and among close relatives. Readers are encouraged to kill fathers and other family members just for being infidels. We find atrocities committed by the enemy of humanity, the Devil, of whom Jesus said in John 8:44, He was a murderer from the beginning. He has schemed to kill and incite people to commit heinous crimes since the beginning of the creation of man.

 

ISLAM AS THE NEWBORN OF THE JINN RELIGION OF ARABIA

 

Negative Spiritual Forces Stand Behind the Atrocities of Mohammed and his Followers

Betraying friends and relatives in their own homes by Muslim relatives whom Mohammed commissioned is beyond reason. Recruiting a Muslim son to kill his own father is something so horrible which only hell can scheme and promote.  What led to this kind of behavior? Studying the rise of Islam confirms that behind Mohammed were the forces of the Arabian Jinn religion.

The Jinn-devils of Arabia wrote poetry and rhymed prose to influence the Arabians. Because the Arabians were fond of poetry and sentimentality, they were easily influenced. The devils were known to present the cries of poetry, called Hawatef, which is heard by those who practiced occultism and were in contact with devils. After Mohammed emigrated to Medina, the Jinn-devils recited many Hawatef in praise of the chiefs of the two tribes who made the original accord with Mohammed.[xxxvii][41]  Hawatef, attributed to the Jinn-devils, were recited in order to praise and encourage chiefs like Mohammed and Saad Bin Maath from the Oas tribe, and Saad Bin Ibada from the tribe of Khazraj.[xxxviii][42]

   Another thing that reveals the relationship of Mohammed to  the Kuhhan is that Mohammed continued to consult the Kuhhan and the Jinn religion of Arabia even after he claimed to be a prophet. One of the Kuhhan was Saf Bin Sayyad who claimed "that his devil brought him information about hidden secrets and news of the earth."[xxxix][43]  He used to augur, or foretell the future, through his devil. Sayyad claimed to be a prophet of Allah, like many of the Kuhhan claimed in Mohammed’s time.[xl][44] The books which narrate the life of Mohammed report that Mohammed returned to this Kahen of the devil to consult him. We are told Mohammed searched until he found Saf Bin Sayyad in order to consult with him.[xli][45] This demonstrates that Mohammed was seeking direction from Saf Bin Sayyad, knowing that Sayyad had a devil who provided him with advice and gave him direction.[xlii][46] This shows how much Mohammed depended on the representatives of the Jinn religion of Arabia for direction. Al-Bukhari, the authoritative book that contains the Hadith of Mohammed, reports a visit which Mohammed and some of his followers paid to Saf Bin Sayyad.

The Jinn Religion of Arabia Used Monotheism to Confront Christianity

At the time of Mohammed, many Kuhhan of the Jinn religion of Arabia claimed to be prophets of Allah. Their occult religion sought to confront and oppose Christianity. Many Kuhhan dedicated themselves to become prophets spouting "monotheistic slogans" contrary to Biblical monotheism, which had became a threat to them. The monotheism of the Jinn religion is based on Allah, known in Arabia to be the greatest star that appears in the third part of each night. Mohammed also said, “Our lord appears in the horizon of the sky in the third part of each night.”[1][47] Today we know that star is actually Venus.So we see that the Jinn religion of Arabia adopted star worship to confront Biblical monotheism. The Jinn became important agents in service to Allah. The concept of the Jinn-devils as useful agents of Allah are actually found in many of the Surahs of the Qur’an.

We find these Kuhhan who claimed to be prophets endeavored to support each other. Mohammed, after consulting Saf Bin Sayyad, asked if he believed that Mohammed was a prophet, and Saf answered “yes.” Then Saf Bin Sayyad asked Mohammed if he believed that he, Saf bin Sayyad, was a prophet of Allah. Mohammed answered, "I believe in Allah and his prophets," an answer that does not exclude the faith of Mohammed in Saf Bin Sayyad as another prophet of Allah. [xliii][48]  Umar Bin al-Khattab, who later became second Caliph in Islam,  asked Mohammed to allow him to hit the neck of Saf Bin Sayyad because he claimed to be prophet of Allah like Mohammed, but Mohammed answered Umar, “If he is a prophet of Allah, you can't have authority over him,”[1][49]  showing that Mohammed respected Saf Bin Sayyad. He believed in the probability that Saf Bin Sayyad was a prophet of Allah, and warned Umar not to hurt him. This also reveals that Mohammed, at the beginning of his claim to be a prophet, believed in the kind of monotheism practiced by the Saf Bin Sayyad with which the Jinn religion in Arabia allied themselves. The Jinn religion of Arabia presented many Kuhhan as prophets to this form of monotheism.  Mohammed’s support from the Kuhhan proves that Mohammed was one of those prophets whom the Jinn religion has dedicated to such monotheism.

 

The Kuhhan Upheld Mohammed and Promoted Islam

The Islamic books which narrated the life of Mohammed confessed: “Some of Kuhhan of Arabia had an important influence and role in preparing their tribes to embrace Islam.”[xliv][50] Among the famous Kuhhan who supported Mohammed was the Kahen of the Jinn-devils named Khater Bin Malek. He was the most famous Kuhhan in the tribe of Beni Lahib.[xlv][51] Another dangerous Kahen of the devils who promoted the claims of Mohammed was Satih.[xlvi][52]  Al-Halabieh says: “Satih was as one of the chiefs of the Kuhhan, who was a man of great knowledge about occultism and the priesthood of the Jinn.”[xlvii][53]

      Among the Kuhhan who backed Mohammed was Swad Bin Khareb al-Dusi, a famous Kahen of Arabia. He had a devil who appeared to him, and he was famous in augury, or foretelling the future, through his devil. The Arabian custom was to test the devil of the Kahen before consulting him. Every time his devil was tested he was presented with a riddle, like a secret word, and then he asked the Kahen to guess the word through his devil. Swad would immediately guess the word.[xlviii][54] We can easily see the Kuhhan, through their devils, were agents who promoted the claims of Mohammed.[xlix][55]

  After Mohammed emigrated to Medina, many of the Kuhhan fought side by side with him. They accompanied him in his war against the Arabian tribes, trying to convert them to Islam. Among the Kuhhan who fought alongside Mohammed was Amru  Bin al-'hamiq عمرو بن الحمق .[l][56]  This reveals how important it was for the Jinn religion of Arabia to seek Mohammed as a successful representative of their strategy to confront Christianity by spreading a form of monotheism based on Allah, which was borrowed from the monotheistic star worship of Arabia.

The Jinn Religion of Arabia Unifies its Efforts Behind Mohammed’s Islam, Which was the Newborn Occult Religion of Arabia

In the past, the religion of Jinn of Arabia named many of its Kuhhan to become prophets of Allah. But with Mohammed’s military campaigns to convert Arabian tribes to Islam, the religion of the Jinn changed its strategy, unifying all its efforts and activities under Mohammed. This can be demonstrated by many incidents. For example, early Islamic literature refers to a famous Kahen, Khanafer Bin al-Taua'm al-Humeiri خنافر بن التوأم الحميرى. He was the chief of his people, very rich, and bodily strong. Delegations from Yemen came to Mohammed as the result of threats against them. Wars and the pressure to embrace Islam took their toll. Every year, they were required to pay the Jizyah, a large amount of money, exacted as tribute from those who refused Islam. Their wives and daughters became concubines, and the death penalty was enforced on their sons over ten years of age. This Kahen came out with his people and camped in a valley. He allied himself with another chief, Jodan Bin Yahya al-Ferthami جودان ابن يحي الفيرضمي, against Mohammed. But his devil, called Shassar, came to him and ordered him to embrace Islam.[li][57]

  The Jinn religion played a fundamental part in supporting Mohammed, including support through its poets who received their poems from the Jinn-devils. The Jinn inspired people through their poems. Early Arabian narrators said inspiration came through special encounters between people and Jinn.[lii][58] The capacity of the Jinn to inspire rhymed prose and poetry was indisputable in Arabia. Al-Mirsabi, born around 900 A.D., gathered poems inspired by a Jinn named al-khin'ur الخينعور.[liii][59]  Their prose and poetry were superior to those of the Qur’an, both in language and smoothness, or volubility.

 Arabs have fifteen kinds of rhymes used in their poetry. The Jinn had thousands of rhymes which Arabs at the time of Mohammed were unable to imitate.[liv][60] Therefore, Arabians considered the prose and poems which the Jinn inspired to be miraculous acts that humans were unable to imitate. Kuhhan, who claimed to be prophets in Arabia, used their rhymed prose, inspired by their Jinn, to convince others they were prophets. They claimed Jinn of other Kahen were unable to produce the same level of rhymed prose. Mohammed also claimed, in Surah 17, verse 88 of the Qur’an, that the rhymed prose of the Qur’an is a miracle no human or Jinn could imitate. But in reality, the Qur’an is inferior to many of the rhymed prose of the Kuhhan. There is a complete Surah, called the “Surah of Jinn,” which is in the Qur’an which claims that the Jinn are officially the authors. It claimed that the Jinn believed in Mohammed and became Muslims. The language of this Surah doesn’t differ in any way from the rest of the Qur’an. Since the Jinn's writing is the same as the rest of the Qur’an, we can only conclude that the claim that “the rhymed prose of the Qur’an was miraculous” means it is the same quality as the rest of the rhymed prose of the Kuhhan, which came from their Jinn.

Some of the Arabian poets up to, and including, the time of Mohammed give us the names of the devils who inspired the poetry. The poet al-'Aasha said the name of the devil who inspired him was Musahhal مسحل, and al-'Aasha often praised his devil in his poems.[lv][61]

  Hassan Bin Thabet, Mohammed’s poet and his closest companion, used to praise Mohammed through his poems and defend him. Hassan confessed that a devil inspired his poems. He said his devil was from Beni Shasban, one of the chiefs of devils.[lvi][62]  It seems that Beni Shasban was the name of a legion of devils responsible for the religion of Jinn of Arabia. Many of the Islamic poets sought help from devils to inspire their poems. Among them was the famous Islamic poet, Jarir, who said  his devil was “Iblis of the devils.”[lvii][63] Iblis, in Arabic, means Satan. So we see that devils openly supported the claims of Mohammed.

These things and other proofs confirm that the religion created by Mohammed was born from the religion of the Jinn in Arabia. We saw previously that Mohammed was a Kahen. In fact, I mentioned that his uncle Abu Taleb praised Mohammed, showing that he was a Rachi, equivalent to a shaman – a man who cure diseases through sorcery. Rachi was a profession practiced by the Kuhhan in Arabia. Abu Taleb boasted that Mohammed cast spells on patients at the cave of Harra' before he claimed to be a prophet.[lviii][64]  We saw also that Mohammed’s claims were sustained by the Kuhhan in the beginning. We saw also that Mohammed's first wife, Khadijah, was married to Nabash Bin Zarareh Bin Wakdan نباش بن زرارة بن وقدان, a visionary for the Jinn, before she met Mohammed. The Jinn appeared to Nabash in the form of an old man to give him information.[lix][65]  She promoted the idea of prophethood for Mohammed, at a time when Mohammed was passive and accused the devil of creating his negative experiences.

All these facts prove that the Jinn religion of Arabia conceived the same kind of “monotheism” which Mohammed proclaimed similar to the “monotheism” proclaimed by other Kuhhan, who said that they were prophets of Allah who lived when Mohammed lived.

 

Evaluation by the Human Conscience

Mohammed's assistants, who committed many crimes including the decapitation of innocent people, became heroes in Islam. Some of them killed their fathers,  such as Abu Ubeideh Bin al-Jarrah who was honored by Mohammed as an important leader. Mohammed called him  “Amin al-Ummeh,” which means “the faithful of the nation,” and Mohammed entrusted him to lead many of his expeditions. Abu Ubeideh Bin al-Jarrah was also entrusted by the Caliphs, Abu Baker and Umar, to lead the Islamic army in Syria. Therefore, those who killed their fathers were given great honor in Islam.

But the inevitable question remains: “Is the radical Islamic militia today, and its violence against innocent people, any better than the violence created in Mohammed’s time when his followers killed their fathers as infidels and decapitated their relatives?” Or, are they any better than those who followed the command of Mohammed to cut off the heads of their relatives after entering their homes as friends betraying them. How different are today’s terrorists who beheaded one person or more than Mohammed who ordered trenches to be dug and beheaded the heads of the tribe of Beni Kharithah from age ten years and over, and buried their bodies?

 Mohammed set an example for today’s Muslim. He wrote verses in the Qur’an that encouraged Jihad, or holy war, against infidels who do not follow Islam. His hatred in the Qur’an is the motivator for radical militias, and  the justification for the violence they create. What they teach and practice takes the lives of many innocent people in many parts of the world today.

Many non-Muslims today are asking how militant Islamic groups can blow themselves up as suicide bombers. How can they pledge themselves to suicidal operations? Today’s violence is nothing new. Mohammed insisted that his followers shake hands with him to pledge what he called the “pledge of death,” meaning that they entered battle as a suicide pact with the intention to die in a jihad. Ibn al-Akwa’, a companion of Mohammed, confirmed that when Muslims pledged to Mohammed in a pledge called “the pledge of Radwan” in a place near Mecca called al-Hudiebeh, they “pledged to death,” meaning that they pledged to enter the battle to die. Then Mohammed wrote a verse in Surah 48, verse 9, claiming that “Those who pledge to you,  also pledge to Allah.” Al Sabuni says this verse came when Mohammed pledged death in Al Hudiebeh.[lx][66] What the radical Islamic militia is doing today is only an imitation of what Mohammed practiced and proclaimed.

  Islam is based on historically false claims growing from pagan and occult worship of Arabia attributed to Abraham and the Bible.

Islamic radicals today base their military strategy on the old plans of the Jinn religion of Arabia, which they used to conquer Arabia and the Middle East. They endeavor to subdue the world through violence. As long as the Qur’an and the example of Mohammed are taught in schools and mosques, it will attract recruits who are willing to give their lives to accomplish it. Will Muslims today continue to believe in the Qur’an and trust Mohammed, who initiated this plan in the first place and established its principles, or will Muslims look for the truth which the Bible announced in hundreds of prophecies, which included the coming of the Savior, His death on the Cross and His resurrection?

The teaching of the Bible is not the violence encouraged by Islam, but peace which Christ's teaching and  example create in the heart of all who accept Him and His teaching. His truth creates love for one’s enemies and forgiveness for all. Instead of hatred and killing innocent people, Christ died to change the hearts of men and women. He is worthy of consideration by every Muslim.

  

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[lxi][15] Bukhari, 6, page 140

 

[lxii][26] Halabieh 2, page 169

 

[lxiii][38] Halabieh 2, page 430

 

[lxiv][39] Halabieh 2, page 30

 

[lxv][47] Sahih al-Bukhari, 2, page 47

 

[lxvi][49]  Sahih al-Bukhari, 7, page 114

 



[i][1] Bukhari, 3, 183

[ii][2] Al-Masudi, II, page 182; Al-Asbahani, Al Aghani, 3, page 73

[iii][3] Halabieh 2; page 130

[iv][4] Halabieh 2, page 65

[v][5] Bukhari 3: pages 179, 180, 183

[vi][6] Bukhari, 4; page 158

[vii][7] Halabieh 2, page 158

[viii][8] Halabieh 2, pages 59-61

[ix][9] Al-Jaheth, al- Haiwan, 6: 190; quoted by Jawad Ali, al-Mufassal, vi, 709

[x][10] Al- Shebli, Ahkam al- Jinn, page 114

[xi][11] Tarikh al-Tabari I, pages 56 and 61

[xii][12] Halabieh 2, page 65

[xiii][13] Halabieh 2, page 158

[xiv][14] Halabieh 2, page 159

[xv][16] Ibn Hisham 2, page 53 ; Halabieh 2, page 159

[xvi][17] Ibn Hisham 2, page 54; Halabieh 2, page 159

[xvii][18] Halabieh 2, page 162

[xviii][19] Ibn Hisham 2, page 73

[xix][20] Halabieh 2, page 163

[xx][21] Halabieh 2, page 162

[xxi][22] Ibn Hisham 2, page 59; Halabieh 2, page 170

[xxii][23] Ibn Hisham 2, page 60; Halabieh 2, page 171

[xxiii][24] Halabieh 2, pages 168 and 169

[xxiv][25] Halabieh 2, page 169

[xxv][27] Ibn Hisham 2, page 58

[xxvi][28] Ibn Hisham 2, pages 60 –61; Halabieh 2, page 172

[xxvii][29] Bukhari, 2, page 171

[xxviii][30] Halabieh 2, page 238

[xxix][31] Halabieh 2, page 239

[xxx][32] Halabieh 2, page 240

[xxxi][33] Ibn Darid, Al-Ishtiqaq, 88 and 89

[xxxii][34] Bukhari 3, page 122 ; Halabieh 1, page 590 ;2, page 588;  Sahih Muslim 10, page 10

[xxxiii][35] Halabieh 2, page 235

[xxxiv][36] Al-Sabuni, Safwat al-Tafasir, third edition(1981), 2, page 469; depending on verses of the Qur’an

[xxxv][37] Al Sabuni 1, page 568

[xxxvi][40] Bukhari 5, page 26

[xxxvii][41] Halabieh 2, page 229

[xxxviii][42] Halabieh 2, page 229

[xxxix][43] Sahih al-Bukhari, 7:113,114, 215 ; al-Raud al-anf 1, page 137

[xl][44] Al-Bukhari 7, pages 113,114; al-Raud al-anf, 1, page 137 ; Introduction to Ibn Khaldun 1, page 95

[xli][45] Al-Bukhari 7, pages 113,114; Zad al- Muslim 2, page 104

[xlii][46] al-Raud al-anf, 1, page 135

[xliii][48]  Sahih al-Bukhari, 7, pages 113,215

[xliv][50] Al Raud al-anf 1, page 137 ; Al-Nuwayri, Nihayat al-arab fi funun al-adab, 3; page 124 ; Tashkibri Zadeh, Miftah Al Saadeh 1, page 113; Subuh Al Aasha 1, page 398

[xlv][51] Halabieh 1, page 139

[xlvi][52] Al Raud Al-anf 1, page 18

[xlvii][53] Halabieh I, page122

[xlviii][54] Al Raud al-anf 1, page 139 ; Nuzhat al-Jalis 1, page 177

[xlix][55] Ibn Hisham 1, page 166

[l][56] Ibn Darid, Al-Ishtiqaq, page 279; Ibn Hajar, al-Isaabah 2, page 526

[li][57] Ibn Hajar, al-Isaabah 1, page 456 ; Taj Al Arus 3, page 192; Al- Amali , written by Al Khali 1, page 134

[lii][58] Alusi al-Baghdadi Mamud Shukri, Bulugh al-arab fi ma'rifat ahwal al-arab, 2, page 350

[liii][59] Bint al-Shatea', Risalat al-Ghufran, page 291

[liv][60] Bint Al Shatea’, Risalt Al Ghufran, page 291

[lv][61] Al-Jaheth, al- Haiwan 6, page 225 ; quoted by Jawad Ali, al-Mufassal,  VI, 734

[lvi][62]  Al-Tha'alibi Ahmad al-Malik ibn Muhammed, Kitab Thimar al-Qulub, pages 55, 69

[lvii][63] Al-Tha'alibi Ahmad al-Malik ibn Muhammed, Kitab Thimar al-Qulub, page 69

[lviii][64] Ibn Hisham 1, pages 189, 218

[lix][65] Taj al-Arus, 6, pages 197, 287; Ibn Darid, Al-Ishtiqaq, pages 88 and 89

[lx][66] Al-Sabuni, Safwat al-Tafasir,3, page 220

 

 

Copyright ă 2004 by Dr. Rafat Amari. All rights reserved.